In Brazil, 28 children or adolescents, black majority, are killed every day, twice as many as 25 years ago and while the country has laws to protect their rights, on Monday denounced UNICEF.
A report of this international organization of child protection underlines the contrast between the current debate in the Brazilian Parliament to lower the age of criminal responsibility from 18 to 16 years, and 10,500 miners homicides recorded in 2013 (last official figure available), well above those counted in countries at war.
“There is a movement of society that wants to empower adolescents to violence. In reality, death sentences fall every day on teenagers, mostly black, throughout the country, “says UNICEF.
“This disturbing places Brazil in second place of the countries with the highest number of murders of young people up to 19 years, only behind Nigeria,” says UNICEF.
The homicide rate (with victims aged 19 or younger) within the black population, and generally poor living in the outskirts of large cities, is almost four times that of the white population: 36 9 against 9.6 killed per 100 000 population and in most cases, the crimes go unpunished, the report, prepared as part of the 25th anniversary of the adoption of the Statute of the Child and Adolescent, to improve their rights in Brazil.
UNICEF said that during those 25 years, 60% of Brazilians have improved their income and 39 million people were lifted out of extreme poverty, while the economy of this emerging country 202 million (51.2% black or mixed race) rose from 13th to 7th place worldwide.
Brazil has also made progress in education, the fight against malnutrition, the fight against child labor and the fight against infant mortality in indigenous communities but, even babies are twice as likely to die before year than the rest of the population.
The country had 59.7 million children and adolescents in 2010, 33% of people, while they represented 45% of all Brazilians in 1991.