Brutal interrogation techniques used by the CIA on suspected members of al Qaeda after September 11 has been validated by ethical guidelines “permissive” and “lax”, designed with the Association of American psychologists.
Some members of the American Psychological Association (APA), including officials, have sought to “curry favor” military officials said that report of 542 pages controlled by the APA and released Friday on its website.
Government agencies “wanted ethical guidelines permissive / lax that their psychologists can continue to participate in these violent interrogation techniques” such as waterboarding and sleep deprivation, the report said.
“The main motivation of the APA was to align with the Ministry of Defence and to curry favor with. There were two other important reasons: to create a good relationship between them and continue to develop the psychology “in the army.
The Committee of the US Senate Intelligence published in December a report detailing the brutality of these interrogation techniques, such as rectal rehydration or beatings, torture qualified by human rights organizations and used by CIA on suspected members of the Islamist al Qaeda network after September 11.
The director of the ethics of APA Stephen Behnke, has worked with a psychologist in the army to draft press releases and received a contract from the Pentagon to train soldiers who were to conduct such interviews.
But head of the APA did not inform the association of his work at the Pentagon.
According to the report, two former presidents of the APA have served in the CIA committee and one of them told the spy agency he did not consider sleep deprivation as torture.
The APA was immediately “apologized” Friday and assured that it would revise its policy prohibiting psychologists including its direct participation in interrogations.
“Our organization does not intend to allow violent interrogation techniques or participating in the violation of human rights, but it could result in,” said Nadine Kaslow, which commissioned the report .
“We apologize for this behavior and the consequences it has brought,” said APA.
In 2005, the APA task force had concluded that there was no ethical violations in the participation of its psychologists in interrogation techniques known as “flare-ups” of the government.
Now, Mr. Behnke had “participated in the wings with the conclusions of this working group,” the report said.
Opponents of these techniques cited in the report claim that the APA decisions were taken “with the intention of helping the government to commit torture.”
These ethical guidelines “have given priority to the protection of psychologists (…) with that of the public.”