(Quebec) The Quebec Coderre administration asks to withdraw powers to the boroughs and making almost a clean sweep of the articles of Bill 33, which in 2003, had profoundly decentralized organization of the metropolis.
According to information obtained by La Presse, Montreal last fall has prepared the bill that it wishes to see adopted by Quebec City to confirm the status of “metropolis”. The bill of Montreal, which contains over 300 articles and made over 120 pages, suggests to “withdraw the boroughs most powers under Bill 33,” says a document to explain the measures proposed .
At the town hall, it is emphasized that the goal is not to transform the districts into “empty shells”. In Quebec City, in the entourage of the Minister of Municipal Affairs, Pierre Moreau, it was noted that the Quebec government is not opposed “in principle” to the idea, but said that he intends to conduct its own reflection and write it -even the bill.
At the end of last fall at a meeting with Mr. Moreau, Denis Coderre was, smirk, argued that “the job is done,” an allusion to the project had already drafted the City. Moreau replied that he would still rests with the Quebec government to draft legislation and that it would be no different. So far, forensic Ministry “have not yet written the first line” of the draft Law on the metropolis, the filing of which is promised for the next parliamentary session.
In 2003, Bill 33 was a first concession by the Charest government to “demerger” opposed to grouping orchestrated by the Bouchard government two years earlier. Thereafter, the Liberal minister Jean-Marc Fournier had authorized referenda and endorsed the demerger.
The 2003 bill amended the Charter of the City of Montreal to decentralize critical powers. The districts could now set their own salaries borough councilors. The borough councils could set additional payments for “special items,” what Montreal wants to end. The city also asks that removes all the boroughs bargaining power of collective agreements.
Reception and integration of immigrants
Not surprisingly, Montreal has provisions empowering it to welcome and integrate newcomers. In Quebec, one can easily imagine that the city receives 85% of Quebec immigrants would like to have more powers. But the field is complex. Quebec, which has the authority to select immigrants, already work by the Ottawa delegation of authority. Add a third tier raised fears of a constitutional imbroglio. But Denis Coderre has said publicly that he wanted additional powers in this area, a claim endorsed by the committee chaired by Monique Leroux, President and CEO of Desjardins Group, on the future of Montreal.
Other request publicly mentioned by the mayor, Montreal will have the responsibility of school buildings, whose maintenance is a nagging problem on the island of Montreal.
Scheduled last autumn, a meeting with the Education Minister, François Blais, about it, could not take place. Again, the decision of Quebec is far from stopped.
In his bill, Montreal also demand that increases the thresholds for contracts awarded by the Executive Committee and the ceilings of the grants. It is the executive committee that would appoint the borough directors.
Compliance with municipal powers
Recognize the City of Montreal as “autonomous political body” also implies that the legislation consulted whenever a key competence. They even claimed that the Law on the metropolis premium other laws.
Since 2008, the City of Montreal has a significant enabling powers to extend its tax field, the opportunities it has not really exploited. The bill which was submitted to the Québec has slim municipal taxation side.
To extend to the whole urban area is expected power already granted the City to impose charges. Quebec would lose the power to block the application of a charge, power it had reserved in 2008 for fear of overlap between its actions and those of the City. These charges are common. The City may for example impose this tax grab to a developer for the construction of a new neighborhood, for example, to assume the cost of a public library. The money collected should always be associated with the project, however.
The powers claimed by Coderre
The mayor of Montreal wants to remove the majority of the boroughs powers granted by Bill 33 (2003), other than to impose taxes and to prosecute. Thus, he wants:
remove the provisions granting the boroughs of human resource authorities;
remove the boroughs the power to create services and to appoint directors;
removing provisions giving powers of negotiation boroughs of collective agreements;
remove the powers to the boroughs in terms of acquisition of property and procurement;
remove the provision requiring districts to act in accordance with the development plan of the territory;
remove the boroughs the powers of excavation in the private domain;
remove the provision allowing the Borough Council to establish a working capital;
remove the boroughs the power to adopt borrowing regulations.