Canada still believes the chances of an agreement by Friday at the UN Conference on Climate Change, but some of its priorities may not be included in the final text, such as the carbon market.
At a press conference Wednesday morning inside the summit at Le Bourget, the Federal Environment Minister, Catherine McKenna, said he was “confident” that the work done on some contentious points “give results” at COP21.
“The overall work well and we always aim progresses to an agreement by Friday, December 11, she said in her opening statement. But there is still work to do, and like me, the ministers of the other countries to fully invest in the next steps, which will be crucial. ”
The minister said that his work as facilitator mandated by the French Foreign Minister, Laurent Fabius, was “demanding and taking,” but he did advance the negotiations for an agreement.
However, she said it is unclear whether Canada’s priorities, such as recognition of the work of the Federated States or recognition of carbon pricing mechanisms included in the final version of the eventual agreement.
“It is difficult to know the odds here are works by consensus, she replied. We work very hard. These are two of the issues, there are (other) major issues also on differentiation (grading efforts between rich and poor countries). On the topic of subnational governments, we always put pressure, but other countries have different ideas. ”
Or Catherine McKenna associated achieving Canadian targets for reducing emissions, as well as Canada’s objective of limiting the average temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius in the final agreement, the implementation in place a carbon pricing system.
“You have a plan, sit down with the provinces, territories, and Aboriginal leaders, to see how we will move forward, and we will put a price on carbon, we will reduce our emissions.”
The issue of carbon pricing, carbon markets, effectively remains a “fault line” a stumbling block also recognized by the French Presidency in the talks.
Ms McKenna said that the term was strong, there was convergence zones and others where work remains to be done.
Many countries recognize that markets must play a role, whether included or not in the terms of the agreement, but there is a desire to include certain principles inherent in the potential agreement, such that appropriate accounting emissions, support sustainable development, environmental integrity, the establishment of a centralized mechanism for poor countries, listed the minister, who said then speaking as facilitator.
“I have seen progress, but as you know, there are countries that have expressed reservations for more ideological reasons, we try to deal with that.”
The new draft text circulated Thursday which should contain clarifications, said the chief negotiator of Canada, Louise Métivier, who was at the side of the minister.
“We hope there will be fewer hooks (objections of States in the draft agreement), the Ministers may, to a higher level, try to solve the big issues.”
Recognition of the role of subnational governments and carbon pricing mechanisms were also priorities of Quebec, but the Prime Minister Philippe Couillard did not formalize unduly if those provisions are absent from the final text.
According to him, this will not be a failure for Quebec, which has yet sent a large delegation to the conference.
“We will continue our initiatives anyway. There are countries that oppose for reasons of domestic politics. It’s not simple. ”
Louise Métivier share his opinion. The mention of subnational governments is not essential, but it must nevertheless common rules.
“What we want is recognition of markets and a robust work plan that follows, to ensure the integrity of these markets when there are international exchanges, so having rules to which people adhere, to ensure environmental integrity and make sure not to count reductions duplicate emissions. ”
Canada also argues for the inclusion of indigenous rights in the final version of the draft agreement, assured the minister, who said, speaking at a breakfast Thursday morning with premiers and territories.
Philippe Couillard and Brian Gallant, New Brunswick, Greg Selinger, Manitoba, Wade MacLaughlan, from Prince Edward Island, Darrell Palowski, Yukon, and Peter Taptuna, Nunavut, have also participated in a workshop with the Federal Minister morning at COP21.
The Minister of Environment of Alberta, Shannon Phillips, also made an appearance at the COP21. Alberta, long seen as a black sheep in the field of environment even abroad, because of the oil sands, has remade his image, assured Ms. Phillips.