The Americans are entitled to a food guide revised every five years. In Canada, the most recent version of the guide dates from 2007. It was then launched with great fanfare, after eight years of consultations, discussions and revisions, 15 years after the previous version of 1992. Health Canada launched the process tomorrow in like conditions, Canada could expect to have a new guide to the 2023 autumn.
Meanwhile, several countries are working on revising their supply reference tools. Brazil this year launched a new guide, the drafting took two years, a period of public consultation included. The result does not go unnoticed.
What then says this revolutionary item?
Cook more, so eat less processed foods, which inevitably reduced salt intake, sugar, probably fat, and eat meals with your family or friends. Especially not watching television.
In 2015, he had to return to these basic tips, even simplistic?
“This is exactly what consumers need,” says nutritionist Bernard Lavallée, who believes that Health Canada should follow the Brazilian example. “Brazil has broken the mold in which all the other countries are still,” he said. Canada’s Food Guide has been designed in a world where people had nutrient deficiencies, says nutritionist. We then advised them to eat more of this or that: vegetables to get all the vitamins, milk for calcium, meat for protein, grain products for fiber. Despite some developed the Guide to Basic principles have remained the same release after release.
The situation of Canadians, it has greatly changed. “Today, the priority is not to remedy deficiencies explains Bernard Lavallée, but to curb excesses. If people cooked and took the time to eat well, would solve many problems. People who cook at home do not need to calculate nutrients from their diet. ”
All the kitchen!
It is precisely with this in mind that Brazilian researchers worked on their latest guide. Quebecer Jean-Claude Moubarac, then a postdoctoral at the University of São Paulo, participated in the renewal of the guide. “We often look at what is in the food and forget to focus on the context of the food, he said. But in 2015, it is no longer possible to do so. So we opted for a more holistic approach to diet. ”
Starting point for this new approach, an observation: the population consumes less food “ultratransformés” has a better nutritional profile, explains Jean-Claude Moubarac now public nutrition researcher at the Nutrition Department of the University of Montreal.
Brazil is the first country to speak of the emotional and social context in which food is consumed as a guide, but it could soon be imitated by his neighbors who are also interested in this approach, says Jean-Claude Moubarac. Canada should also follow suit, says the researcher, who believes he must quickly revise our classification of food as that used now no longer corresponds to the real power of Canadians. Many processed foods, biscuits or soft drinks, for example, fall into the category “other foods”. From 20-25% of the food consumed by Canadians are in this category blurred, calculates Jean-Claude Moubarac. “For now, we put the juice with fruit and sausage with chicken, he said. It takes a household there. ”
There would be a further advantage to revise the philosophy of the Canadian Guide to adopt an approach to the Brazilian, said Bernard Lavallée: the industry would be very difficult to appropriate messages about how to eat food while it does plenty Portions and health claims. Currently, the Guide states that 125 ml of juice is equivalent to a portion of fruit, explains the nutritionist. It is meant that we frequently seen juices that are displayed as the equivalent of two or three servings of fruit.