(Quebec) The women of Quebec are particularly emancipated because they live in the third largest city in Canada where there is less inequality with men, according to a ranking of the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives of the 25 largest municipalities.
This is the second year that the institute left realizes this research study where Quebec cities are doing well. Gatineau ranks second while Montreal ranks ninth. Victoria, BC, won the prize, while Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo, Ontario, brings up the rear of the charts based on five indicators: economic security, education, leadership, health and safety.
The author of the ranking, Kate McInturff explains the performance of municipalities in the province of Quebec because of policies put in place for the work-family balance, such as subsidized childcare, generous parental leave and the paternity. She points out that many studies worldwide have shown on many occasions that there was a causal link between such initiatives, improved access for women to the labor market and higher wages they can touch.
Like his counterparts located in top spot, Québec City stands out in particular because of the strong presence of the public sector, which has the effect of reducing the gap between the wages of men and women and enable them climbing the ladder. The presence of unions is not foreign to this reality as they serve as watchdog when it comes to pay equity and equal opportunities.
Women who live in the Capitale-Nationale to bring home the equivalent of 78% of the livelihoods of men, while the Canadian average is 70%. This is a standard “considerable,” according to Ms. McInturff, which also highlights the high level of education of those. Women in Quebec are more strongly represented in the city council and occupy more jobs in management positions. “Almost 40% of executives are women, it’s much more than elsewhere in Canada,” says the researcher. “We see that in Quebec their academic efforts translate in their professional lives, unlike Ottawa, however, represents the city where the population is more educated,” she adds.
In terms of life expectancy, women living in Quebec are close to the Canadian average. They are also more likely to say “very or excellent health” but they consider themselves more stressed compared to their male colleagues. Finally, as is also the case in Montreal, the number of domestic violence cases reported to the police is higher than in the rest of Canada. “Politicians deserve to look at it, the more so that there is an important feminist movement in Quebec,” suggests Kate McInturff.