Hundreds of thousands of demonstrators demanded Sunday from Sydney to London, a strong action against global warming, on the eve of a historic summit with more than 150 heads of state and government in Paris, scarred by the attacks of November 13.
Clashes occurred in the French capital Sunday. Nearly 300 people were arrested after the clashes that took place in the afternoon between demonstrators and police after a peaceful human chain that has gathered thousands of participants.
In tribute to the victims of jihadist attacks of November 13 (130 dead and injured some 350), a minute of silence was observed by the Heads of delegations of 195 countries at the opening of the World Conference of the United Nations work on the Climate being held at Le Bourget (north of Paris).
Sunday night, just after his arrival in France, US President Barack Obama has regained his French counterpart Francois Hollande before the Bataclan, Paris theater where 90 people were killed by jihadists November 13. They laid flowers before they collect.
The Prime Minister of Canada, Justin Trudeau and Chilean President Michelle Bachelet had done so earlier in the day.
Before coming to Paris, Obama said he was “optimistic about what we can do” during the climate conference.
The head of French diplomacy and President of the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21), Laurent Fabius, called for finding the path of compromise. “May I count on you to negotiate and build compromise within the next few hours,” he began in a short working session ahead of the summit.
In the French capital placed under surveillance, where rallies are banned because of the state of emergency declared after the attacks, thousands of protesters formed a human chain along a boulevard in Eastern Paris, where is the Bataclan.
After the human chain, incidents broke out not far away, Republic Square, between hooded and masked protesters who threw projectiles and police who responded by throwing tear gas. Police said 289 people were arrested, including 174 placed in custody. However, the authorities did not report any injuries.
President Hollande criticized the action “outrageous” of “troublemakers” who “have nothing to do with environmental advocates.”
Since Friday, more than 570,000 people attended 2,300 steps for the climate organized in 175 countries, according to estimates from one of the organizers, the NGO Avaaz, to pressure the country representatives who will negotiate up December 11 to seal a global agreement to limit global warming.
On Monday, more than 150 heads of state and government will attend the official opening of the conference at 10:00 unprecedented participation symbolizing the urgency to act.
They also observe a minute of silence in memory of the victims of the attacks.
“State Climate Emergency”
“Words are not enough,” chanted the demonstrators in the world, Hollywood stars to anonymous dressed as polar bears.
“This historic summit is of vital importance,” said Oscar-winning actress in London Emma Thompson.
“There is no planet B”, “Climate Emergency State”, reminded the demonstrators placards. Mobilizations took place particularly in Sydney, Berlin, Madrid, New Delhi, Ouagadougou, Kathmandu or Rio de Janeiro.
The mobilization was however low in several cities in the United States and Latin America, with hundreds of people in demonstrations in New York, Washington, Bogota, Mexico City or Lima. They were still 25,000 to march in Ottawa.
Francois Hollande has again pleaded Sunday for an agreement “ambitious” and “binding”, insisting on regular review of country commitments on limiting greenhouse gas emissions.
Canadian Environment Minister Catherine McKenna said his side hoped that the agreement “will be legally binding,” but not all its provisions.
Twenty countries, including the United States and France, will engage Monday to double their investments in energy “clean”, announced the White House and the French presidency.
The French president will host the heads of state Monday at Le Bourget, including the American Barack Obama, Chinese Xi Jinping, the Indian Narendra Modi, Russian Vladimir Putin and Turkish Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who will succeed to the rostrum.
War declared on background jihadist group Islamic State, which claimed the attacks in Paris, and tensions between Ankara and Moscow, bilateral meetings will be held during the summit.
Approximately 40,000 people, including 10,000 delegates are expected each day a security challenge. 2,800 police and gendarmes will be responsible for securing the conference site at Le Bourget 6300 also police and military mobilized in Paris.
The international community has set a goal of limiting warming to 2 ° C above pre-industrial era, otherwise the already visible phenomena such as melting glaciers, the disappearance of species and intensifying extreme weather events, will dramatically worsen.