History courses in high school: a greater role for Aboriginal

raymond-bedard-president-societe-professeurs(Quebec) The Ministry of Education plans to use the reform of high school history class to make more room in Aboriginal history and consequences of residential schools since the 2016 school year.

This was confirmed Friday to the Sun Esther Chouinard, spokesperson of the Ministry. “The state of knowledge on First Nations, both historical and sociological plan, evolved in recent years, particularly the impact that residential schools have had on indigenous peoples. The development of the Quebec and Canadian history curriculum takes into account the result of this research, “she says.

The new History courses in Quebec and Canada, to be implemented in Secondary 3 in 2016 and the fourth high school in 2017, will be built in chronological order, unlike the current course, History and Citizenship Education, which is more focused on skills.

Already in September, pilot projects were started in several schools in Quebec. Raymond Bédard, president of the League of Quebec history teachers, can not disclose the exact content of the courses, which remains refine. “I can only say that overall, Aboriginal place in historical content is actually enhanced,” he says.

At the Ministry of Education, it is argued that the new program began to be developed in the winter of 2014 and that from the outset, we decided to make a bigger place for First Nations.

Teachers, academic advisors throughout Quebec, as well as members of Aboriginal and Francophone communities were asked to participate in developing the new program.

Neither the report of the Commission for Truth and Reconciliation Canada, tabled in June or the “crisis” on the Aboriginal reality that followed the alleged assault of First Nations women in Val d’Or this week n ‘ would interfere in the process. “The work was already well advanced,” says Ms. Chouinard.

In June, Prime Minister Philippe Couillard had still maintained that he was holding above the 94 recommendations of the Commission of Truth and Reconciliation, it was “the need for our children, our schools, know that part of our history [residential school]. ”

Highly anticipated

We teach more Aboriginal history in Quebec’s public schools will have something for the community. “It is a necessity. It’s been years they say, “says Isabelle Picard, anthropologist and Huron-Wendat.

“We will not succeed in changing the ignorance, prejudice, and in some cases vis-à-vis racism First Nations if we do not teach history in school,” she says.

One that sometimes gives lectures in high school is ask many questions, not only by the students, the teachers too. “If you give a change of course, it would also train teachers. Because they feel a bit poor compared to all this, “she believes.

Today, Aboriginal history as conveyed in schools is limited to the pre-contact and contact with the first European settlers, 400 years ago. “It is as if from 1750, no longer existed. We talk a bit about the Indian Act, and that’s it, “says Ms. Picard.

She herself has tried to include more Aboriginal history at the previous education reform at the turn of the 2000s, but “it did not go as far as we wanted.” Ms. Picard hopes that this time is good.

In short: Residential Schools>
Schools (boarding) intended for aboriginal Canadians. They scolarisaient, evangelizing and attempted to assimilate Aboriginal children separated from their families. This practice has recently been described as a “cultural genocide”. Residential schools have existed across the country 1820-1996.

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