There were four homicides over the previous year in the country in 2014, and aboriginals is particularly represented among the victims, says Statistics Canada Wednesday.
The country’s police services recorded in 2014 516 homicides, four more than in 2013. The rate, however, remained stable at 1.45 per 100 000 inhabitants. These are the lowest levels since 1966.
This is the Manitoba recorded the highest rate for the eighth consecutive year, while Thunder Bay gets the dubious title of capital murder. As for Quebec, the homicide rate was unchanged between the years 2013 and 2014, representing the lowest rate since 1966.
Homicides were more frequently perpetrated with firearms (156 times), but the total rate of murder was shot to its second lowest level in 40 years.
Although they represent only 5% of the population, nearly a quarter of the victims of 2014, 23% were Aboriginal.
“The year 2014 is the first year the survey provides comprehensive data reported by police for the Aboriginal identity of victims and accused of homicide,” said Statistics Canada.
The homicide rate among Aboriginal people was six times higher than among non-Aboriginal people, and men were seven times more likely to be murder victims than women among First Nations.
Of note, the number of Aboriginal women victims of homicide has remained relatively stable in recent decades, while the number of non-Aboriginal female victims declined. Therefore, proportionally, the rate of Aboriginal victims has increased dramatically.
Most indigenous homicides were unsolved. In fact, the police were even more likely to solve the murders of Aboriginal than non-Aboriginal victims.
If the crimes were committed, 83% of victims knew their killer. Spouses or former spouses were responsible for 16% of cases, and their victims were four times more often than women.
Police services in seven provinces or territories have found a higher number of homicides in 2014 than in 2013, Alberta has increased by 22 BC (up 12), Yukon ( up 3), Prince Edward Island Prince Edward Island (up 2), New Brunswick (up 2), Quebec (up 1) and Northwest Territories (up 1).
In five major cities, including Sherbrooke and Saguenay, there were no homicides in 2014.