India and Pakistan decided Wednesday to resume peace talks, they announced in a joint statement giving hope a thaw between the two neighboring nuclear powers that have fought three wars.
These talks, interrupted in 2008 after Islamist attacks in Mumbai, were revived in 2011, but tensions had accumulated over the past two years.
This breakthrough was announced at the end of a regional conference in Islamabad, which was attended by Indian Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj. Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, also present, are also met with Pakistani leaders in an attempt to revive the peace process between Kabul and the Taliban.
“The two countries have agreed to resume talks suspended,” said the Indian minister, adding, “the foreign ministers of both countries will meet and will finalize the calendar for meetings.”
According to the joint statement, the dialogue will focus on peace, security and the disputed territories, including Kashmir, on which the two countries have fought two wars since their independence in 1947.
India had suspended the negotiations process with Pakistan after a series of attacks by an Islamist group against hotels and public places in Mumbai in November 2008, which had 166 deaths.
He had proved that the attacks were planned from Pakistan.
The two countries decided to resume their dialogue in 2011, but their relationship had deteriorated sharply over the past two years, especially after the coming to power of the Hindu nationalist first minister Narendra Modi mid-2014.
Bombings on both sides of the disputed Kashmir border have left dozens dead since 2014.
This breakthrough comes after a brief meeting between Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif and his Indian counterpart Narendra Modi on the sidelines of the Paris climate conference November 30, which seems to have broken the ice. The advisers to the Indian and Pakistani security then met Sunday in Bangkok.
Pakistani opposition MP Sherry Rehman, recognized for its expertise in foreign policy, called the agreement a “significant”, while expressing disappointment that the dialogue resumes to zero, regardless of previous advances.
The regional conference Heart of Asia, which also hosts Chinese, Tajik, Kyrgyz and Iranian leaders, was launched in 2011 at the initiative of Afghanistan and Turkey to improve regional cooperation and long-term peace in Afghanistan .