France must address the “continuing challenges” of integrating its immigrants and their children, who experience unemployment rates and educational attainment lags behind in the OECD, the organization believes in a report published Thursday.
The document recites the numbers: less than three out of five immigrants in employment, 30% of immigrant households in relative poverty (against 13% of other households, or one of the income differences “the highest in the OECD” ), school performance “low” for immigrant children evaluated at 15 years …
On the labor market, 43% of working-age immigrants (against 29% on average for the 34 OECD industrialized countries) have little or no education, a share exceeded only in Southern Europe.
Issues of access to housing, decommissioning, access to the health system arise in France “with much less acute than in the rest of Europe,” says the OECD. But ultimately, the situation in this country where more than a quarter of the population is of immigrant origin, is comparable “in certain respects” to that of Italy, new destination countries.
The schooling is illuminating in this respect: the children of immigrants from poor families have nearly six times less likely than those born in the country to be among the best students – against two times less likely on average in Europe.
Several factors may explain this observation: Labour Market complicating “odd jobs” poor command of the language, lack of contacts or in a country cherishing the diplomas, employers’ reluctance to face trainings they do not know. ..
Difficulty integrating is also illustrated in the feeling of discrimination, which proves stronger among descendants of immigrants (27%) than immigrants themselves (17%).
It is a “total paradox,” says Jean-Christophe Dumont, Head of International Migration in the institution. “For those who were born in France, the fact of not having access to all levels of society creates enormous frustration.” “It carries within itself the seeds of division, fracture,” which “will not resolve itself,” he warns.