Canadians have moved the electoral map dramatically last night, putting an abrupt end to the reign of Stephen Harper’s Conservatives, in power since 2006, and installing to government orders the Liberal Party of Canada Justin Trudeau, who was reduced to a marginal role in Parliament in the 2011 election.
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After a 78-day election marathon, Justin Trudeau becomes the 23 th Prime Minister of Canada, at the head of a majority Liberal government, 31 years after his father, Pierre Elliott Trudeau, who has ruled the country for nearly 15 years, left 24 Sussex Drive, and drawn a line under a long and eventful political career.
“Canadians from across this great country have sent a clear message: it is time for a change, a real change,” launched the Liberal leader. At 43, he is the second-youngest premiers in Canadian history.
“Even if the result of this evening is not the one we expected, the people never wrong”, for his part, said Harper. Shortly before his speech, it was learned that he will resign as leader of the Conservative Party. He headed the since 2004.
The Liberal Party had achieved victory and was ahead in 184 constituencies, against 102 for the Conservatives, while the New Democratic Party, which maintained until recently hoping to form the first Social Democratic government of the history, had to be content with 41 seats. The magic number to form a majority government is 170 seats.
For its part, the Bloc Quebecois, which was aimed at least 12 seats to obtain the recognized party status in the House of Commons, was ahead in 10 constituencies. Bloc Québécois Leader Gilles Duceppe failed in his attempt to regain Laurier-Sainte-Marie. “We conducted a good campaign, he said. We thought we almost lost, but it is present. […] It is better to be a country in the world only province in Canada. ”
The Green Party leader Elizabeth May has managed to retain its headquarters in Saanich-Gulf Islands, British Columbia.
Justin Trudeau will be at the helm of government in 2017, when we mark the 150th anniversary of Canadian Confederation and the 375th anniversary of the city of Montreal.
Stinging setback for Mulcair
The orange wave in Quebec, which characterized the 2011 election when the NDP won 59 seats, has been replaced by a red wave. Despite a major setback, NDP Leader Thomas Mulcair was comforted that Canadians voted for change. “This election is about change. And tonight, Canadians have turned the page on 10 long years and they have rejected the politics of fear and division. ”
In Quebec, Justin Trudeau’s Liberals were ahead in 40 of the 78 districts that make up the province in the House of Commons, while the NDP was a close second with 16 seats and the Conservatives were ahead in 12 constituencies.
While conservatives said they hope to be reappointed to power by forming a minority government at the beginning of the campaign, the election finally became a referendum on the reign of Stephen Harper.
During the evening, Conservative ministers such as Jason Kenney have indeed accepted that the wear of power had undoubtedly been a major factor in this electoral battle. Stephen Harper, who became prime minister in January 2006, was seeking a fourth term on.
The victory of the Liberal Party is all the more spectacular it had only 36 seats at the election and was the third largest party in the House of Commons, behind the NDP, which was the official opposition since 2011 . No political party had managed such a quantum leap in voting intentions to regain power after 10 years of purgatory on the opposition benches.
From the close of business in the Atlantic provinces, the Liberal Party was full of vote by crossing the electoral map of the Conservative Party and the NDP. The Liberals won 32 seats in this region, giving the tone for this election night.
Harper government ministers such as Bernard Valcourt (Aboriginal Affairs) in New Brunswick and Gail Shea (Fisheries and Oceans) in Prince Edward Island and have bit the dust. In the NDP ranks, the party of pillars such as Megan Leslie (Halifax), Peter Stoffer (Sackville-Eastern Shore) and Jack Harris (St. John’s, Newfoundland), fell in battle.
After a grueling 78-day campaign, Justin Trudeau will have a menu loaded in the coming weeks. It must first form a Cabinet by drawing from the pool of candidates featured elected across the country. In his election program, Mr. Trudeau promised to appoint an equal number of men and women in his first cabinet.
Then, the new Liberal government will have to present a throne speech to launch parliamentary work. In principle, the House shall resume its work in mid-November.
During the campaign, Mr. Trudeau suggested that a Liberal government would soon table a new budget to implement some of its major commitments, including lower tax burden for taxpayers in the middle class and new infrastructure investments.
Mr. Trudeau will also decide whether to participate in all international summits that are planned by the end of the year. A G20 summit is scheduled for November in Ankara, Turkey. The summit of Commonwealth countries should also take place next month in the Maldives. And in mid-December, Mr. Trudeau attend the summit on climate change to be held in Paris. Mr. Trudeau is committed to invite the premiers to accompany him to this important environmental meeting.