Europe, where tensions were increasing in the face of the influx of tens of thousands of refugees and migrants, was in shock after the publication of the photos of the body on a beach in turkey a little boy drowned to death in the sinking of two boats carrying Syrians.
These boats were gone in the night from Tuesday to Wednesday of the Turkish coastal city of Bodrum to the Greek island of Kos, one of the most short sea passages between Turkey and Europe, when they capsized, said the Turkish coast guard.
Quickly warned by the cries of the shipwrecked, the rescuers have recovered 12 bodies without life, including that of Aylan Kurdi, aged 3 years and whose brother, Galip, 5 years old, has also perished in the wreck, according to Turkish media.
The pictures of the two brothers and the corpse of Aylan, red t-shirt and blue shorts, face down, on one of the beaches of the seaside resort of Bodrum has invaded the social networks under the hashtag KiyiyaVuranInsanlik (“humanity failed” in Turkish), which has become one of the hashtags the most shared on Twitter.
The images were also widely taken up by the european press, including the newspapers that had previously adopted a hard line on the migration crisis.
“Any small victim of a human tragedy”, as well as Thursday, the Daily Mail on a photo showing a police officer Turkish, bearing the corpse of the child. “Unsustainable”, the judge his side of The Mirror.
“If these images are extraordinarily strong of a syrian child washed up on a beach change in the attitude of Europe vis-à-vis refugees, what is it, who will?”, asks The Independent.
In Italy, the newspaper La Repubblica has tweeted a picture that silenced the world”, and in Spain, El Pais was the “symbol of the drama of migration”, whereas’El Periodico ‘headline on the “collapse of Europe”.
“Some say that the image is too offensive to be shared online or printed in our newspapers,” wrote in an op-Peter Bouckaert, director of emergencies of HRW. “But what I find offensive is that the dead bodies of children drowned come crashing on our shores, so that we could have done more to save their life,” he added, explaining how he himself hesitated before to tweet the photo of the body of Aylan Kurdi.
A continuous flow
Hardly had they landed on the coasts of italy and greece, where the arrivals are full, that migrants and refugees continued to be attracted like magnets by Germany.
The only athenian port of Piraeus, close to 4,500 of them have set foot on the ground Wednesday on the european continent, transferred by special vessels of Lesbos, in the Aegean, eastern.
Off the libyan coast, nearly 3000 people, including hundreds of women and children, who were rescued on Wednesday, according to the Italian coast guard and the NGO Doctors without borders.
According to the Russian ambassador to the UN Vitali Tchourkine, the security Council was investigating the possibility of adopting a resolution, the text “more limited” than the one originally planned, which, if adopted, would allow only an intervention naval european “on the high seas, and not within the territorial waters” of libya.
Mr. Tchourkine has not given details on the draft resolution, which “could” be adopted in September.
Greece has pledged Wednesday to “speed up” the recording of the exiles and their identification. This is one of the demands of its european partners to put an end to their dispersion control in the european Union.
Since the beginning of the year, Greece had a record of 160 000 arrivals, among the more than 350 000 people in total who have attempted the passage through the Mediterranean, with more than 2,600 have died during the crossing.
Most were then borrowed the “Balkan route” to win the north of Europe, abandoned to their fate by the Greek authorities.
Hundreds of refugees and migrants continued to pour on Wednesday in Germany, which has declined to return Syrians to their country of entry into the EU and is committed to process their asylum applications.
On Tuesday, Germany recorded an arrival record 3709 persons without a visa, passed through Hungary and Austria.
Vienna has suddenly raised the tone on Wednesday against the notch German agreements of Dublin setting, in principle, the support of refugees in the EU.
“I have always warned against a suspension of the Dublin regulation (…) we see the effects now,” lamented the minister of the Interior Johanna Mikl-Leitner.
In Budapest, a hundred migrants demonstrated in front of the main railway station of the Hungarian capital, however, that the police prevented 2000 people boarding trains to Austria and Germany.
Tuesday, 2284 people, including 353 children, came into Hungary, which has counted a total of more than 50 000 arrivals in August, in spite of the barbed-wire fence erected along its border with Serbia.
The Schengen area threatened?
To cope with this influx of people fleeing war, persecution and poverty in the Middle East and Africa, “the most important thing is to bring peace and stability in crisis regions, said british Prime minister David Cameron.
“I don’t think an answer can be found by taking charge of more and more refugees,” he insisted.
At the same time, a petition urging the british government to accept more refugees had gathered Wednesday at the end of the day more than 44, 000 signatures on the website of the Parliament.
For its part, the Spanish minister of foreign Affairs, Jose Manuel Garcia Margallo, has requested that the criteria for the distribution of refugees within the EU set by Brussels are “righteous”.
The risk is emerging now a wince threatening the freedom of movement within the EU, a major success of the european construction.
To negotiate an exit from the crisis, the european Commission argues for an amendment of the Dublin regulation, at the risk of reviving the recurring divisions among the 28 on this site, at the approach of a european meeting on September 14.
The issue will be discussed Thursday and Friday for the number two of the european executive Frans Timmermans and commissioner for migration Dimitris Avramopoulos, on a visit in Greece.
Germany, France and Italy have claimed, in a letter to their heads of diplomacy published on Wednesday, an overhaul of the right to asylum in Europe, that they deem to be exceeded, and a better distribution of migrants across the EU.