After five years of austerity, Greeks torn between fatigue rigor and commitment to Europe are preparing for a referendum result of unpredictable and heavy consequences for their future in the euro area and the survival of the radical left government.
The campaign for Sunday’s vote, as short qu’exaltée among supporters of the Yes and No neck and neck in the polls, has given way to expectations Saturday, hours after the mass mobilisations of each camp in the center Athens.
The economy has slowed down since the closure of banks Monday and imposing strict capital controls, planned referendum until two days later.
The government of Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras tries to cover the voices that are concerned about the risk of extension of these provisions unpublished, or an escalation of restrictions.
Pavlos, a retired 72-year-examined before a bank of Athens, saw things in ‘black, very black “:” Here there is money but next week it is likely that there will no. How will people in everyday life? We do not know.
The Greek Finance Minister Yanis Varoufakis has cracked in the night from Friday to Saturday a tweet, supported by a ministry statement, denouncing the “malicious rumors” of a Financial Times article that the rich Greek savers more than 8000 euro bank levy could be 30% of their deposits to bail out the banks.
Few focused on understatement, the Minister returned to the center stage in recent weeks, on Saturday accused the EU and IMF creditors of the country of “terrorism”, have forced the Greek government to close banks, and wanting “humiliate the Greeks,” in an interview with Spanish daily El Mundo.
Political, economic risk risk
Friday night, Yanis Varoufakis was all smiles from over 25,000 supporters of “Oxi” (No) in the referendum massed outside parliament to hear Alexis Tsipras attempt to galvanize the last time his countrymen, urging them to reject the austerity measures creditors to “live with dignity in Europe.”
Supporters of “Nai” (Yes) were almost as many, according to police, gathered on the other side of Parliament, before the marble stadium of the 1896 Olympic Games, flooded with Greek flags and blue banners with star the European Union.
In the polls, these winners are given a short head: the four final published polls give the advantage to three yes with little advance of 0.4 to 0.6; a survey places the non leading by 0.5 point.
The percentage of undecided voters remains high, like the pangs of Greek society face the choice that is as much about the future of the country’s relations with the euro area and the stability of the government.
For the executive led by the radical left Syriza, a yes vote would be a repudiation and could open a period of political instability, the economy and the country’s banking system can not afford, even for a short time. And medium term, new austerity measures expected Greece, ensures Syriza.
A non victory Sunday would cause a “leap into the unknown,” according to most observers, although the government Tsipras promises an agreement within days, thanks to the support of voters. Everything will depend in particular on the attitude of European partners, whose forehead is far from united.
“If the Greeks vote no, the Greek position will be considerably weakened,” warned Friday the president of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker. But the president of the European Council, Donald Tusk, called on the EU not to dramatize a possible not Greek.
The German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schäuble assured that even if the yes vote, the resumption of negotiations “take a moment”, far from the certainties of Yanis Varoufakis “completely and absolutely convinced” that “whatever the outcome of the referendum on Monday there will be an agreement “because” Europe needs an agreement and Greece needs an agreement. ”