The party National Front (extreme right) arrived Sunday ahead in at least six regions of 13 in the first round of regional elections in France, where he recorded a record score of 27.2 to 30.8%, according to estimates of pollsters.
The FN is well ahead of the opposition right-wing and Socialist President Francois Hollande in three key areas: the north (Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardy), which presents its president Marine Le Pen, in the south-east ( Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur), where he was taken by his niece Marion Marechal Le Pen, and the east (Alsace-Lorraine-Champagne-Ardennes), with the strategist of the party, Florian Philippot.
Marine Le Pen has obtained in its region between 40.3 and 43% of the vote to the opposition right (24-25%) and the Socialists (18 to 18.4%), according to estimates of pollsters.
Her niece Marion Maréchal-Le Pen even more successful than his aunt: she is credited with 41.2% to 41.9% of the vote, well ahead of the right (24-26%) and the Socialist Party (15.8 to 18 , 1%).
Some 44.6 million voters were called to the polls. A second round is scheduled on December 13. On Sunday turnout was about 50%, a strong increase compared to the regional elections of 2010, marked by a high abstention.
Nationally, “it appears that is largely the first party of France, several points ahead of the alliance Republicans – centrists”, welcomed the Vice President of the National Front Florian Philippot.
The ruling Socialist Party led until now almost all regions. In the second round, he could keep three or four regions.
Promised a victory before the attacks of Paris, the Republicans party of former President Nicolas Sarkozy on the right had seen in recent weeks the polls in his favor erode in favor of the National Front.
Three weeks after the deadly attacks in Paris (130 dead, hundreds injured), claimed by the jihadist group Islamic state, security measures had been tightened around the polling stations, under the state of emergency. Police and military weapons including patrolling the streets of Paris.
Often unknown of the French, the skills of the 13 regions ranging from the management of schools to aid to enterprises through public transport.
After spectacular breakthroughs last year in municipal and European, the FN greatly strengthens its foothold in France.
Large upcoming maneuvers
The Prime Minister Manuel Valls stressed before the vote that the ballot was a “weapon” against terrorism while the election campaign was largely overshadowed by the worst attacks on November 13 occurred in France.
After these attacks, the party of Marine Le Pen found himself reinforced his nationalist rhetoric and anti-immigration by the revelation that two suicide bombers had reached France after being dragged from migrants landed in Greece.
The ruling Socialists have not benefited from the dramatic surge in popularity of François Hollande, attacks whose management has received broad support in public opinion.
The presidential party is suffering from soaring unemployment, mounted in October to 10.2% of the population, its highest level since 1997. It also suffers from the weakness of the whole of the left, who presented divided in the first round, although he hopes to gather the second.
The outcome of the final vote will depend very much on the attitude for the second round of the PS and the Republicans in areas likely to switch to the far right: cancellation or alliance to try to block his path, or triangular likely to ensure his victory.
The regional elections are the latest planned in France before the 2017 presidential election, for which Marine Le Pen is also given ahead of the vote in the first round.