French far right is no region on Sunday won the second round ballot of a high suspense, having raked in record results in the first round, thanks to the mobilization of voters to prevent it from gaining power.
These results, in 16 months of the 2017 presidential election, are a blow for the three iconic figures of the party National Front: the President Marine Le Pen, losing in the North, his niece Marion Maréchal-Le Pen who was defeated in South and Florian Philippot, strategist of the party, in the Great Eastern.
According to preliminary estimates, the right and the left won at least five regions each, thirteen in total in metropolitan France.
“The danger of the extreme right is not ruled out, far from it,” responded the Socialist Prime Minister Manuel Valls. He praised a “very dignified momentum” but assured that the results gave rise to “no relief, no triumphalism”.
Marine Le Pen denounced “a regime in agony” in a scathing statement. “Nothing will stop us,” she said. The leader of the opposition right, Nicolas Sarkozy, in his training challenged Republicans, held that these results should not “under any circumstances forget the warnings” of the first round.
French political scientist
According to political scientist Jean-Yves Camus, the result of the last election before the 2017 presidential “tends to confirm that there is a dead end for the National Front: it is a great advantage of the first round, but he does not know go beyond “. In 2017, pollsters give qualified Marine Le Pen in the second round after a first place finish in the first round.
The thirteen French regions, redesigned last year to increase their size at the German Länder are the only communities to directly help businesses. They also have jurisdiction in education and transportation.
With the evening of December 6 the highest score at the national level (28% and up to 40% in the North and South), the National Front hoped to conquer several regions. It was counting on both the rejection of the traditional parties, powerless to resolve the economic crisis and fears caused by jihadist attacks one month ago on 13 November in Paris (130 dead and hundreds injured).
French participation in the second round was significantly greater in the first round, a sign of greater mobilization. This week, Manuel Valls had brandished the threat of a “civil war” if the FN took power.
The high thrust FN December 6 has turned the eyes of all Europe on France, and the period between the two rounds had been dominated by the mobilization against the extreme right. The left has sacrificed its lists in the North and the South, calling to vote for the right. Economic and cultural world personalities were also brought against the FN.
Party anti-European and anti-immigrant National Front is leading a dozen municipalities in France, but he never directed any region.
Founded in 1972, it is chaired since 2011 by Marine Le Pen, who has undertaken the party dédiaboliser brandishing a “different picture” of the much more radical and provocative imposed by her father Jean-Marie, co-founder of the Front.
Sign of this commitment to standardization, Jean-Marie Le Pen was expelled from the party in August, after a family psychodrama with accents, for about repeated in gas chambers during World War II called “detail of ‘History “.
The aftermath of the vote could undermine the ambitions for 2017 of former President Nicolas Sarkozy (2007-2012): strategy, consisting in the far right play his favorite themes (security, immigration, national identity), n has not slowed the erosion of part of the conservative electorate towards the FN and divides his training.
On the left, the “republican front” against the FN advocated by the Socialists, declining regional, is seen by some as a strategy to present President Francois Hollande, whose popularity has rebounded after the attacks, as the best rampart 2017