The interior ministers of the 28 are found Tuesday in Brussels to try to reach agreement on the allocation of refugees while according to the OECD, this migration crisis “unprecedented” could last for lack of stabilization of countries origin.
A total of one million asylum applications could be filed in 2015 in the countries of the European Union, according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in an annual report on migration, estimated ” 350 000-450 000 “the number of people who will receive protection, a quarter of them children, according to UNICEF.
For now, the 28 are expected to be distributed 120,000 people, while migrants are already four times in Europe have rallied since January, according to the High Commission of the United Nations for Refugees (UNHCR).
According to sources close to the Luxembourg presidency of the EU, the initial proposal of the European Commission to make the allocation of quotas mandatory, rejected by the Central European countries, could be relaxed to reach a compromise.
A few hours of the ministerial meeting in Brussels, the head of Luxembourg Jean Asselborn diplomacy was confident: “Our proposal would stick,” he has said, without elaborating.
This new proposal would no longer refer to the character “binding” of sharing quotas, according to European sources. In a goodwill gesture, Poland has even expressed its willingness to accommodate more refugees than the proposed quotas.
In response to requests from several European countries concerned about the budgetary implications of the reception of migrants, Brussels could also consider the crisis as an “exceptional circumstance” paving the way for deficit overruns, as the Commissioner for Economic Affairs Pierre Moscovici.
Finally, the EU could generate financial support for countries bordering Syria (Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon) that host almost four million refugees.
Europe and its “raison d’être”
Given the hard line adopted by Hungary, which has multiplied antimigrants measures, up to Monday to allow its security forces to use force, Budapest could be allowed not welcome “hot spots”, these sorting centers Refugees that will be opened in the country of first entry.
The Brussels ministerial meeting followed Wednesday an extraordinary summit of Heads of State and Government, called the “last chance” by UNHCR.
“Europe has experienced other crises. But then, somehow, it is its reason for being and its very functioning that are involved, “said Tuesday the head of French diplomacy Laurent Fabius in an interview with several European newspapers.
“If we do not act quickly, the risk of explosion are real and substantial,” he warned.
Deaf to criticism from his partners and NGOs, Hungary, which saw 225,000 transit migrants since the beginning of the year, is continuing to build a new fence at the border with Croatia, where to go for days of Tens of thousands of migrants considered undesirable.
At the Croatian-Hungarian border post Beremend, pillars were planted every three meters, waiting for a fence and barbed wire, like the fence already built on the 175 km border with Serbia.
Tuesday morning, dozens of soldiers and policemen were waiting Hungarian, posted nearly twenty buses, refugees arriving from Croatia as before will be transported to the Austrian border.
Overwhelmed, Croatia has decided to close Monday its border with Serbia, causing several kilometers bottling trucks and fury of Belgrade against a decision “irresponsible”.
The Croatian Prime Minister Zoran Milanovic Tuesday urged Serbia to start forward migrants to Hungary and also direct to Romania to relieve his country overwhelmed by the arrival of more than 35,000 refugees for six days.
“I do not accuse Serbia, but I tell them (…) send (migrants, Ed) to Hungary and Romania to Croatia too, and then we will forward them to our turn in all directions” , told the press Mr. Milanovic.
Belgrade stopped sending since September 16 migrants to Hungary which made watertight by a barbed wire fence 175 km border with Serbia. That day, violent clashes between police and Hungarian migrants were held in Serbian-Hungarian border crossing of Röeszke, in northern Serbia, where Budapest, after tolerating their passage for days, was suddenly banned a Once erected barbed wire fence.
“Seen on TV”
The vast majority of these migrants, many Syrians, Afghans or Iraqis aspire to win Austria, Germany and Scandinavia, with the notable exception of Denmark, considered inhospitable by candidates for exile.
Ahmad, a former hairdresser Syria says he wants to go ‘in Austria or the Netherlands “because he” saw on TV that the Austrians were generous people “and” the Dutch people open. ”
In anticipation of a large influx of refugees, the Netherlands began building a gigantic camp in a clearing near the German border.
About 3,000 asylum seekers there will soon be housed in pavilions of white metal and plastic built on 5.5 ha.
The camp, the largest in the country, however, will be dismantled at the latest June the land to be used for the Paralympic Games.
A solution of “short term” against which the OECD warns Europe in its report.
“In the short term, the prospects are slim that the situation stabilized significantly in the main countries of origin,” warned the organization that sees “significant flows into perspective in the coming years.”
But ensures the OECD, “Europe has the means and experience to respond to this crisis.”