After being given to 22% of newborns in 1992, the compound name – the Laurendeau-Bigras and Giroux Lamontagne – is no longer assigned to only one child in 10. Why the mother does it spread its name very rarely? What motivates couples to adopt or reject the compound name? A study on the issue reveals how the choice of name, far from being innocent, carries both strong traditions, values or suffering.
In the demographics of Quebec Cahiers published this spring, four researchers, Laurence Charton, Louis Duchesne, Denise Lemieux and Françoise-Romaine Ouellette, are the minutes of their qualitative study conducted among a sample of 25 persons whose profile is pretty things near to the distribution of names transmitted to children in 2010.
“It was to follow tradition, say a father whose child bears his name and whose spouse has a compound name. We did not want that he has three family names. ”
“For me, it was natural that he father’s name says a mother. My brother will perhaps have boys, it’s going to continue the lineage. ”
Moreover, she says, compound names are rather given to “baby-accident”, for couples who are not strong or are planning to separate.
Another mother of the study thinks the same. Giving the name of his spouse for their child, she sought to recognize him as father, but also know that his marriage is stable, solid.
“I will say another, I just named my father, then I’m not dead. [The compound noun], it’s pretentious. […] When did Péteux of brew. It’s arrogant. ”
Mothers are “so important in raising children as name, me, that I let go, then I do not feel bad at all,” she connects.
One of the fathers cited summarize the thought of several other men interviewed. For him, the transmission of the name issue is a recognition of its role.
When the researchers submitted that the mother, too, might love pass his identity, he admitted that “it is a shame for her, but at the same time, […] it’s a choice that occurs at two. ” “In fact, it would not have bothered me that this is the name of the mother.”
Some women who have themselves received the feminist legacy name composed choose to transmit only the father’s name to their child. This is the case of Geneviève, whose parents separated a few months after birth. For her, made her name is a reminder of the harsh conflict that consumed his childhood. Fearing that to choose between his two surnames can rekindle rancor that has subsided over the years, she wanted to make “less complicated” and transmit only the name of her spouse to her child.
Recognition of two lines or equality
The reasons for those who decide to name their children made are just as varied. Some do it to respect the two lines. Other rather seek to give an absolutely unique name for their child. Finally, the compound name can be chosen by respect for equality between parents.
One interviewee explained receiving a composite name at birth and have quickly dropped the name of her father, whom she never knew. “In my case, my surname is very promising from what I am, where I come from, my heritage, and what I did not, too. My name represents what there is not, at home, that is to say, a father. ”
It therefore seemed important to him that his daughter has traces of its two lines and that his name evokes no absence. The father and mother are in the decor, both also listed in the civil registry.
Some couples choose to send their name alternately: For example, the first child will have the father’s name, the second the name of the mother. Other parents choose to establish lines of girls and boys lines, the father’s name here being sent to the boys and the mother, girls. Others even proceed by drawing lots.
Conclude that all of the researchers? “Legislative reform on the name in Quebec has helped transform the connotations associated with the name, inherited exclusively from the mother, for example, but also to reflect on the issue of gender equality, where the surname could be chosen to offset a biological asymmetry. ”