A few months before the mid-term of the government of Philippe Couillard, the fight will intensify between the opposition parties, to counter the “liberal monopoly” fear that they settle.
With three courses in the opposition in the National Assembly, two sovereignists, Liberals Mr. Couillard held steady in the polls this fall despite criticism fiscal policies, negotiations with the public sector and the deposit of report of the Charbonneau Commission.
In concluding the work of Parliament in early December, the PQ leader Pierre Karl Péladeau and caquiste leader François Legault have both stressed the need to overcome the division of the opposition by the ballot in 2018.
Mr. Legault went so far as to predict that if nothing changes, the “liberal monopoly” on the government could continue until 2026.
In recent months, everyone started to outline its strategy to broaden its base of support in the opposing electorate.
The arrival of Mr. Péladeau at the head of the Parti Quebecois has increased the polarization of political debate on the federalist-sovereignist axis, which include forced Mr. Legault define its constitutional position “for a strong Quebec” to the within Canada.
Featuring over claims that the Liberals, especially on the forehead of the language, culture and immigration, the future Coalition Québec (CAQ) is betting that at least part of PQ voters could meet his rallying call “nationalist”.
With this shift, in which the CAQ buried his promise of constitutional truce, Mr. Legault hopes to give new life to his party, experienced this year by the departures of members Gérard Deltell and Sylvie Roy.
Until now camped in its profile businessman who has made the leap into politics, Mr. Legault has struggled to distinguish itself, in recent months, Mr. Péladeau. In addition to also put forward his business achievements, the new PQ leader already enjoys the status of media personality.
This difficulty Mr. Legault became clear when the chief caquiste relied on anonymous sources to affirm, in June, the sovereigntist profile Peladeau detrimental to the return of the Nordiques in Quebec City, a project which is associated with the conglomerate Quebecor whose PQ leader is controlling shareholder.
Mr. Legault has used the same process to affirm later that existed in Quebec for potential buyers interested in acquiring the head of the block of shares PQ, which fears a move of its headquarters he set on sale.
For his part, Mr. Péladeau repeated during the race for the leadership of early, he thought he was in position to rally voters caquistes the PQ and the sovereignty project.
Earlier this month, Mr. Péladeau has again put forward its economic credo to establish a parallel between the voters of the CAQ and objectives of the PQ.
“I think in his party there are many nationalists who share this commitment to continue to enrich us,” he said.
In September, Mr. Péladeau also eye to voters of the other two sovereignist formations, Québec solidaire (QS) and Option nationale, when he said that the PQ has no monopoly of the independence project.
The pitfalls that dot the road rallying appeared last October, when QS has a separate group at the time to mark the 20th anniversary of the last referendum on sovereignty.
In late June, more than a month after the election of Mr. Péladeau at the head of the PQ, QS had launched a mobilization operation in the field to “make its accession process to independence”.
The objective was to demonstrate that such “Québec solidaire is a key player in the Quebec independence movement.”
Speaking on the assumption of recurrent electoral alliances with the PQ, the deputy Amir Khadir gave an overview of the expectations of his party in early December.
Mr. Khadir invited PQ to vote in favor of a reform that would allow a proportional voting system, as the federal Liberals want to offer it to Ottawa.
“What makes difficult any electoral agreement, in quotes, the current system,” he said.
The 1989 election was the last to devote bipartisanship Room dominated by the Quebec Liberal Party, which won 92 of 125 seats with 49% of votes, and the PQ, which obtained 29 seats with 40% of votes.
From 1994, with the election of a first MP, support the ADQ went croissants, culminating in 2007 to 30% of the vote, which allowed him to form the official opposition.
Its merger with the CAQ did not prevent the erosion of this niche in the electorate, despite a rebound in the campaign of Mr. Legault in 2014, which gave caquistes a caucus of 22 members with 23% of votes.
A first QS MP had entered the National Assembly in 2008, through a Quebec-wide total of 3.8% of the vote. This income increased to 7.6% in 2014, expanding the team to three elected.
At the last election, the Liberals elected 70 deputies, with 41% of votes, 30 against the PQ, which received 25% of the vote, its worst result.
If the PQ regained ground since the election of its new leader, the games are still far from being made by the 2018 elections.
The time remaining until then opens the door to all conjecture, but one certainty remains: the question of rallying opposition voters, in one form or another, will remain at the heart of strategies.