The highly anticipated national public inquiry on missing and murdered Aboriginal women gets underway on 1 September.
The mandate of Commissioners will examine and report on systemic causes of violence and to address various institutions, including the police and protective services for children.
The commissioners are endowed with certain powers under Part 1 of the Inquiries Act and legislation of participating provinces and territories.
This is what gives commissioners the power to address issues of federal, provincial or territorial.
The Inquiries Act gives the commission the power to call witnesses and gather evidence, the government said in a briefing on the investigation.
The inquiry will be headed by five commissioners, including the former president of the Native Women’s Association (NWAC) and former Liberal candidate Michèle Audette.
The Chief Commissioner will Marion Buller, Judge of the Provincial Court of British Columbia.
The 10 provinces and three territories involved in the process and shall bring all their full cooperation, said the federal government.
At a press conference at the Museum of History in Gatineau, the Minister of Aboriginal and Northern Affairs, Carolyn Bennett, said the launch of the survey was an important first step in the process of reconciliation with First Nations .
His colleague at Justice, Jody Wilson-Raybould, very moved during his speech, for his part said that Canada should and would do better, even if the investigation will not change the tragedy that occurred in the past.
The federal government also announced Wednesday the grant of 16.17 million over four years to create information and liaison units for families in the provinces and territories.
These ads put an end to the government’s role in defining the framework of the commission; this will now be the stewards to take over and begin their work.
The end of the survey is scheduled for 31 December 2018. Its budget is $ 53.8 million.
The prior consultations have identified some major areas for the work of the committee: police practices, the judiciary, the role of colonialism and residential schools for Aboriginal people, as well as endemic poverty in many First Nations communities.
The establishment of this commission is claimed long ago by multiple stakeholders from First Nations.
Debate on the number of missing
The figure of 1,200 women missing and murdered Aboriginal women advanced by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) has been questioned in February by Minister Bennett and his colleague for Women, Patty Hajdu.
The latter had as she had no precise figure, but that according to the Native Women’s Association (NWAC), it would be more in the order of 4000.