The opportunity for an awareness? Young smokers are much more at risk of heart attack than non-smokers of the same age. The finding, which confirms a popular idea, emanates from a study published this Wednesday in the specialized journal Heart by a team of researchers led by Ever Grech of the South Yorkshire Cardiothoracic Center of the General Hospital of the North in Sheffield ).
The risk gap decreases with age
According to these experts, young smokers are even eight times more likely to have a heart attack than non-smokers. A risk gap that decreases with age: this is five times higher for smokers between 50 and 65 years of age, and only three times higher among those over 65 years of age.
Smoking is perhaps the most powerful of all risk factors, “whose effect is much earlier than any other,” note the experts.
Non-smokers hit earlier
While all smokers face a significantly higher risk of heart attacks than non-smokers, it remained to clarify the extent of this risk in different age groups. The Ever Grech team reviewed data from 1,727 adults (half smokers) who underwent treatment for a common type of myocardial infarction known as Stemi between 2009 and 2012. An attack Which is accompanied by a modification of the electrocardiogram, indicating the death of a large part of the cardiac muscle.
Assessment: Smokers were younger by at least a decade than ex-smokers or those who had never smoked, when the heart attack occurred. They were also twice as likely as non-smokers to have ever had coronary artery disease.
“Reducing the number of daily cigarettes could make a difference”
Helping young smokers to quit smoking should be a primary goal, writes the cardiologist Yaron Arbel of the Tel Aviv Medical Center in Israel. And if this proves impossible, “even reducing the number of cigarettes smoked daily could make a difference.”