Scientists have explained the paradox of the plankton with the help of mathematical simulation

For a long time the community of biologists could not reveal the secret of marine microbes and to understand how with such a wide variety they can be so stable. This ability can boast not only of single-celled inhabitants of ponds, but a variety of microbes living in the bodies of animals.

It often happens that in a community of microbes is the “Central” form, it is the main part, and “peripheral” is secondary. They are all fighting for resources. The idea is that sooner or later one will destroy the other, which is normal according to the principle of competitive exclusion. However, this is not happening and scientists have called this phenomenon the “paradox of the plankton”.

The main theory to explain the paradox, has two basic principle. The first is that some bacteria eat the garbage and waste is allocated the rest. Another says that newcomers in the community choose free ecological niches or better than their counterparts.

Researchers have created a mathematical simulation of this theory, where all community members could consume only one type of resource, thus generating two new. In addition, scientists have suggested that emerging members of the ecosystem can only survive if they find a niche, occupying an empty or learning how to better use an already busy resource.

The study has completed successfully and the results confirmed the above theory.