Photo: Tony Avelar, The canadian Press Agency agence France-Presse
A prototype of autonomous car of Google
The arrival of autonomous cars in the coming years will have immediate effects on the canadian labour market. Their development will create nearly 35,000 new jobs by 2021, but will also lead to the transformation or disappearance of several trades, reveals a report that will be unveiled this Thursday by the Council of information technologies and communications (CTIC).
“Autonomous vehicles will create jobs, but they will also cause changes that require a reworking of the skills related to certain occupations today,” the study concluded ICTC, whose Duty it has obtained a copy.
In 2016, the independent agency specializing in analysis of new technologies has estimated that nearly 213 300 engineers and workers of information technology and communication worked one way or another to the development of autonomous vehicles and connected to Canada.
The study published Thursday, which has been funded by a federal government program, provides that this number will increase to 248, 000 by 2021. These 34 700 jobs would be created in the space of five years would correspond to a compound annual growth rate of nearly 3 %, an increase more than two times higher than that observed in the overall canadian economy.
Software developers, analysts, databases, or mechanical engineers should be a part of the workforce is being sought.
Disruptions to come
ICTC maintains that the vehicles fully autonomous “that should invade the streets by 2022” will also give rise to important changes in the world of work. Several jobs will require a “realignment powers” and others will eventually disappear, says the report, without quantifying the potential losses.
The organization maintains, for example, that the jobs of drivers will eventually be eliminated, and that the mechanics will be less sought after because of the decrease in the number of accidents.
“It is anticipated that autonomous vehicles will be able to get themselves to the repair shop, inform the mechanic of the repairs they need and even establish a timetable for the work, writes the author of the study, Alexandra Cutean. The mechanics of the traditional will be required to follow a new training in order to understand these vehicles […], to “collaborate” with them and repair them. “
Rather than patrol the streets, the police will have to learn how to better detect and prevent cyber attacks, while the insurers will have to rethink the traditional model of risk analysis, illustrates the ICTC.
The back of the pack
The research organization does not hesitate to describe the autonomous car as ” one of the innovations most expected of our time “. However, in the technology race which sees the emergence of leaders such as Germany, the United States or Sweden, Canada advance at a snail’s pace, there is.
“To remain competitive in this market, Canada must get a seat at the table and invest the time and resources needed to stay,” stresses the study, stating that the global market of the autonomous car is expected to reach $ 77 billion by 2035.
For the moment, Ontario is the canadian province with the most advanced. It has amended its legislative framework in 2016 to allow the testing of autonomous vehicles and now wants to open the door to tests performed without a person behind the wheel to intervene in the event of a problem. The ontario government has also launched, in November last year the innovation Network for the autonomous vehicles to accelerate research.
“The technology for autonomous vehicles is progressing at breakneck speed. There is no doubt that the cars of the future will soon be a reality in Ontario and around the world, ” said the premier of Ontario, Kathleen Wynne.
For its part, Quebec has taken a step forward last December during the presentation of its reform of the highway safety Code. If passed, bill 165 would entrust to the minister of Transport the power to create pilot projects involving autonomous vehicles. No project is in the cards for now, says one cabinet minister André Fortin.
ICTC would like to share that decision-makers, representatives of industry and academia are focusing their efforts in common across the country, to encourage investments and advance research.