The feast of the sacrifice: As Muslims around the world celebrate Eid al-Adha

Праздник жертвы: Как мусульмане всего мира отмечают Курбан-байрам

One of the most important Muslim holidays there are a few names: the Turkic (and most famous) – Eid al-Adha, and also Arabic – Eid al-Adha.

Both names are translated as “feast of sacrifice” or “feast of sacrifice“, which should convey his main idea.

Muslims have an Eid called everything that brings a person closer to God, and the ritual of animal sacrifice on the holiday involves a spiritual commitment to God.

However, everything in order.

The origin story of Kurban-Bairam

Eid al-Adha is a celebration in memory of the miraculous deliverance from death of the son of prophet Ibrahim.

The storydescribed in the Koran, the following.

The Archangel Gabriel appeared to Ibrahim in a dream and gave that a commandment from Allah to sacrifice the eldest son.

Believer, Ibrahim was ready to do the will of God and went to the valley of Mina to the place where now stands the Mecca, and began cooking. His son was obedient to the father and Allah and did not resist, but continued to pray.

In the end it all was a test. When Ibrahim was ready to bring his son as a sacrifice, Allah saw the piety of the prophet relented and blunted the sacrificial knife.

The young man replaced the sacrificial animal with which it began the key tradition of Eid al-Adha.

Sacrificial sheep, camels, cows and other “clean” from the point of view of Islam, the cattle represents the sacrificial animal, which Allah replaced the son of Abraham.

Interestingly

Islam, like Judaism and Christianity, belong to the so-called Abrahamic religions.

Abrahamic religions – monotheistic religion originating from ancient traditions stretching back to the legendary Patriarch of the Semitic tribes of Abraham. All Abrahamic religions in one way or another recognize the Holy Scriptures, including the Pentateuch.

In this regard, the history of salvation of the son of the prophet described in all three religions.

There are some differences.

In Islam the eldest son of prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) was Ismail, who later became the ancestor of the Arabs.

In Judaism the eldest son of Abraham considered Isaac, became the progenitor of the Jews.

Also, there are certain differences in the procedure of sacrifice further to save his son.

When celebrate Eid al-Adha

The festival has no specific date. In the Muslim calendar.

The Muslim calendar consists of 12 lunar months and contains about 354 days, which is less familiar to many solar year.

For this reason, the Islamic religious festivals move every year relative to Gregorian calendar.

Eid al-Adha begins from the 10th day of the 12th month of the Muslim lunar calendar and lasts for several days.

It is celebrated 70 days after another important celebration – Uraz-Bairam. The festival also marks the end of the Hajj — the pilgrimage to Mecca.

That is, in General, the annual year in search of an answer to the question “What day Eid al-Adha this year?” – activity is not easy and depends on a number of factors. In addition to the calendar, the final result can influence local customs.

For example, most countries follow the date set by the Supreme court of Saudi Arabia (it is calculated depending on, can you see the moon in the sky shortly before that). In Bangladesh, India and Pakistan, the Saudi decision is not accepted, the observation of the moon there is carried out independently, which in some years Eid al-Adha in those countries may be conducted on another day.

In 2018, the Eid al-Adha begins in the evening of 21 August, and to end the celebration should be on August 25.

In Islamic countries, the holiday is an official holiday.

How to celebrate Eid al-Adha

During the celebration, Muslims should make ghusl and putting on clean and festive clothes.

They say a festivefirst Takbir (glorification of Allah with “Allahu Akbar”). Repeat it during a morning walk to the mosque.

The mosque is committed festive prayer, after which read the sermon-the Khutbah.

And, perhaps, the main element of the holiday – it is a sacrifice.

Features of sacrifice

Праздник жертвы: Как мусульмане всего мира отмечают Курбан-байрам

The victim may be a sheep, camel or cow (mostly sheep). The victim should be not less than six months, it must be healthy and have no deficiencies.

It is desirable (if funds are available) to sacrifice one sheep or goat per person, or a cow (the camel) – no more than seven people.

In addition, you can sacrifice one sheep (goat) for the whole family.

Before slaughtering the sacrificial animal, it is certainly knocked to the ground with her head in the direction of Mecca.

The meat is divided into three parts, one of which left for the family, another given to relatives and neighbors, and the third given to the poor.

The skins of the sacrificial animals are given to a mosque.

In Eid al-Adha friends and relatives try to make gifts. Also be sure to try to visit family and friends, as they visit these days is considered blessed and desirable.

Interesting. With the butcher you can’t pay for meat. However, you can give him a piece of meat, if he is poor.

Congratulate each other Eid al-Adha

“Eid Mubarak” — a Blessed holiday!

“Go-Kum Mubarak” — blessed be your holiday!

“Eid al-Adhha Mubarak” — Blessed Eid holiday!

“Tashabbus-Llahu Minna WA min Kum” — may Allah accept from us and from you!

“Tashabbus-Llahu Minna WA min Kum salihu l-a-Mal” — may Allah accept from us and from you the righteous deeds!

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