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The suspect drug-dealer-mexican Joaquin Guzman, alias ” El Chapo “, was found guilty Tuesday of all charges against him by a jury in u.s., after three months of trials that have documented the extreme violence and corruption of drug cartels.
The 12 jurors in federal court in Brooklyn have found to El Chapo, who was jailed for two years in a federal prison of high security in New York, guilty of 10 counts against him. To start with the main, that he had co-led the powerful cartel of Sinaloa, in charge of the export of hundreds of tons of cocaine to the United States between 1989 and 2014.
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This verdict, announced on the sixth day of deliberations by the 12 jurors in federal court in Brooklyn, is expected to argue, in the words of the american law, the life of ” El Chapo “, 61 years old, a figure of a legend of the mexican cartels.
Joaquin Guzman was captured in January 2016, and then extradited to the United States in January 2017 after two escapes spectacular in Mexico. He did not testify at his trial.
After the sentencing, which is not expected before several months, El Chapo could be transferred to a prison in Colorado is sometimes called the ” Alcatraz of the Rockies “, which is considered one of the safest in the United States.
Her conviction is a victory for the u.s. government, which had never obtained the extradition of Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar, who died in a police operation in Medellin in 1993.
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The american justice wished to expose in detail the operation of cartels in Latin american, which flood the United States drug since the 80’s.
Yet, the cartel of Sinaloa, the name of the mountains in the north-west of Mexico, in which El Chapo is from, is far from having disappeared.
His co-head, Ismael “El Mayo” Zambada, remains at large, which had, in fact, that the defense of El Chapo that the whole trial was a ” farce “.
Since the beginning of the hearings in November, the us investigators have been scrolled to the bar some 56 witnesses, many of whom are ex-partners or employees of El Chapo, who were all accused of having co-led the cartel of Sinaloa.
Several, now imprisoned in the United States or under the protection of the us authorities, have described with great detail, often bloody, the organization and the daily life of the cartel and the central role played by El Chapo: so much for arranging the export of more than 155 tons of cocaine coming from Colombia to the United States, that the violence done to neutralize the drug cartels rivals, or the systematic corruption of the police, the military and political leaders to close their eyes.
A corruption that would have resulted, according to some witnesses, by the payment of millions of dollars of bribes at the highest levels of the mexican government, up to the ex-president Enrique Pena Nieto, even if he has always denied having touched the money of the drug traffickers.
This photo, released by the ministry of the Interior of mexico, shows El Chapo when he was escorted to Ciudad Juárez by the mexican police in view of an extradition to the United States in January 2017.
Aircraft and yacht
The defense lawyers have ensured that El Chapo was just a scapegoat for the mexican government, corrupt at the highest level, and that the ex-drug dealers who testified against him were “rubbish” ready for all the lies to reduce their sentence.
They had assured that Ismael “El Mayo” Zambada was the real boss of the cartel and “the missing piece of the trial” and had quoted, very briefly, that a single witness.
But the trial has provided a glimpse into the lives of the pacha of El Chapo, who grew up in poverty, was conducted during his 25 years at the top of the cartel, travelling to Switzerland for rejuvenation cures, Macau or Las Vegas to play in the casinos.
Her former driver and head of the cartel to the city of Mexico, Mexico city, explained that he had at his disposal four aircraft, numerous residences, including a luxurious in the large seaside resort of Acapulco, a yacht called “Chapito,” and a ranch with its own zoo and a little train to cross it.
Several witnesses have also described a scene particularly cruel during which he personally tortured and executed three traffickers rivals.