Twelve illustrations for twelve events

Illustration: Garnotte
The slaughter that was six victims in the great mosque of Quebec was the event “the most publicized of the recent history of Quebec”.

The small apocalypse of the 13


Photo: Garnotte

Among the powerful images of the novel postapocalyptique Station Eleven (Prix des libraires 2017), there are carcasses of cars frozen in mid-caps monsters on which the end of the world literally fell, trapping the drivers inside. What we call the seed “in the kerfuffle of highway 13″ seems to be quite trivial about it, but the incident reminded that it only takes little things to upset some : in this case, a snow storm in a country that is accustomed to snow. This late afternoon of march 14, 2017, up to 45 cm of snow which accumulate on Montreal cause congestion of the absolute on the A-13 South : trucks are in the portfolio and block the exits, and then refuse to be towed. Behind, the block is complete. The plows no longer have access to the road and 300 motorists remain stranded in their vehicle more than 12 hours because the systems of watchdog and alert the Sûreté du Québec and the ministry of Transport simply don’t work (report Saved). A hell of a mess, in short — and for which a collective action has been authorized by the superior Court in November.

Alcohol, perfume, and Netflix


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The federal government, we will have learned, in 2017, duty-free shops do not sell alcohol and fragrance : all tv series and all the Netflix movies are also available in duty free in Canada. The decision by Ottawa not to secure subscriptions to the american giant to the GST has sparked a lively debate (at least in Quebec) in the last three months of the year. Instead of speaking of the federal cultural policy that she wishes to put in place, the minister of canadian Heritage, Mélanie Joly, has had to defend the approach of the Trudeau government in the area of digital taxation — the idea that Ottawa does not want to ” add to the tax burden of the middle class “. Under the fire of criticism-fed (that a certain use of the language of wood has not helped to calm down), Ms. Joly has decided, in the end of the year, to return the ball in the camp of the minister of Finance : to him to explain his definition of tax fairness, and let the minister quiet, please. During this time, Quebec has promised to go ahead and impose the QST to digital products — but everything remains to be realized.

 
Bye Coderre and hello Plant


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“Well, yes, it is here ! “On the stage of the Corona in the evening of 5 November, Valérie Plante couldn’t believe it : first mayor in the history of a city that was celebrating this year its 375th anniversary. Not only has Mrs Plant délogeait a mayor that just about everyone believed entrenched there are only a few months (Denis Coderre), but his party, projet Montréal, won also a majority in the city council. Wholesale changing of the guard. Unknown to the battalion in December 2016 when his victory in the leadership of projet Montréal, Valérie Plante has, in particular, imposed with a campaign bold (” the man of the situation “), and the force of a personality tailor-made for the policy (the natural, the energy, the confidence). But she also took advantage of a campaign judged to be bad, even disastrous of his reputed cunning opponent, for which the record of the Formula E, with its problems and its secrets has been the highlight symbolic in the coffin of political (municipal, at least).

Macron, the young man in a hurry


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“Power up !” said the name of his movement. But rather, it is common that Emmanuel Macron has upset the political landscape in French in 2017 to become the youngest president in the history of the French Republic on the 19th of may. The ex-banker took advantage of an alignment of the rare planets policies to delight the Elysée palace. Unknown in 2013, minister (never elected) François Hollande, between 2014 and 2016, the founder of this same year a movement centrist invented essentially for him, Macron has triumphed at the end of a campaign novel : a president going fabulously unpopular waives the right to run for a second term ; the primary give, to the right (François Fillon, instead of Alain Juppé) and left (Benoît Hamon rather than Manuel Valls), the amazing results ; an opponent (Fillon) who all predicted the victory, but “business” have caught up. Nearly two French out of three have finally voted Macron in the second round against the candidate of the extreme right, Marine Le Pen. After the beginning of the mandate of the troubled, the new president ends the year strong, with a rebound is felt in the polls and an international image in full descent. Who said that good things come to those who wait ? Why wait ?

“Hello-hi!”


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Does one really greeted by a “hello-hi !” some of the 17 000 people intercepted this year in Québec, after having crossed the border irregularly? This is not impossible : the formula is in the mode, we know it. And it was uncomfortable. “Is it that the prime minister will stand up today and say “hello-hi !” it’s irritating ? “The question raised on 29 November by Jean-François Lisée to Philippe Couillard has put the PM in anger (” What a ridiculous question ! “) but it has also evolved into a wider debate on the situation of French in Montreal. Forty years after the adoption of bill 101, the most recent census data are confirmed by the end of the year that bilingualism is still progressing in the workplace in quebec. For its part, the incident of the shop, Adidas — a manager who says a few words in French at an evening opening to “accommodate” the city and its annoying French media — has shown that it remains a bit of language education to be done. For posterity, note that the national Assembly eventually agreed to adopt a motion encouraging the shopkeepers welcome customers with a thunderous ” hello ! “, without ” hi ” in support.

 
The turbulent year of Bombardier


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“We’re going to cross multiple zones of turbulence in the coming months, please return to your seats and fasten your seat belts. “This is the message that a Bomber pilot would have been able to send to his bosses if he had seen what was coming on the radar of the company at the beginning of 2017. In the spring, there has been lively debate about the remuneration policy of the senior management of the company — proposed rate increases were of the order of 50 %. They arrived in the wake of the removal of 14,500 jobs, and while the company had funds granted by Québec (among others) have avoided the bankruptcy that same year. As the timing to reward executives, it has already been done better. Then, in the fall, it is all the matter of the countervailing and anti-dumping duties that affected the company. The u.s. department of Commerce has confirmed, two weeks ago, he assessed penalties of almost 300% to the CSeries aircraft, under the pretext that Bombardier has sold at a discount to Delta and that Canada has provided grants unfair for ease of manufacture. A final decision on this issue will be made in February. It is in this particular context that Bombardier announced in mid-October, to have transferred control of the CSeries in the european giant Airbus — which believes it can work around the problem of punitive duties by assembling some aircraft in the United States. Small year ? Not exactly…

A few puffs of the legalization


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This will likely be the largest legislative change to 2018 : the legalization of marijuana in Canada, which is scheduled for… oh well ! this is no longer quite as clear as we once believed. The date of 1 July had been determined, but the prime minister Trudeau recently said he did not know where it came out [of the official documents of the government], and that this would be rather somewhere in the summer. One thing is certain, the debate around cannabis has obscured many other in 2017, with the procession of doubts expressed by health care experts, provinces, or municipalities — particularly on the costs. Three weeks ago, the federal government has announced that it will give the provinces a minimum of 75 % of the revenues of the excise tax on cannabis. The government Couillard is expected to touch an estimated 60 million this way (in addition to the income of the QST on the sale of cannabis), but calculates that the legalization will cost him something. Others are already betting that this legalization will provide them, on the contrary, a lot : a producer of tomatoes in the greenhouse has recently decided to retrain in the cannabis, while the market value of the companies of production of cannabis for medical purposes has exploded this year.

 
#MoiAussi


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“To have given a voice to the secrets of polichinelle, to be passed from the network of whispers to the social networks, we have all pushed to stop accepting the unacceptable, the breakers of silence are the personality of the year “, wrote the prestigious american magazine Time at the beginning of the month. Thus, 2017 will remain in the annals as the year of the expression “#MeToo “— or its counterpart in quebec, “#MoiAussi ” — and that the movement had as its power of action. This is the case of the magnate of the movie Harvey Weinstein (denounced by dozens of women who accused him of rape or harassment), who has awakened the conscience, but it was quickly realized that the problem was not bad everywhere, and for a long time. In Québec, Éric Salvail, and Gilbert Rozon fell off the top of their empires ‘ respective (Victor, the little green guy from Just for laughs did not want to be messing around, here). The former artistic director of the Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, Charles Dutoit, is also facing several allegations of sexual misconduct.

 
The year of the CAQ


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And that ends the year in provincial politics in the top of the list of any ? Drum roll and a lack of suspense : the winner is François Legault, cuckoo. Six years after its founding, the Coalition avenir Québec (CAQ) has experienced a year 2017 of pure growth. Between the surveys in Light of December 2016 and December 2017, the CAQ has moved from third to first place in voting intentions, with a gain of ten points garnered patiently (and a fief stolen from the liberals in Louis-Hébert). Behind, the liberals are stable or stagnating, it is according to. The Parti québécois, for its part, lost basically a point per month, which means that it does not leave much in the bank… Well, François Legault is it now, ten months before the next elections, the main target of Philippe Couillard, who must now find a way to criticize a party in which he went to pull out of ministers (Gaétan Barrette, Dominique Anglade) and ideas. The big question now is to see if the CAQ is mounted too high, too fast, or if its popularity will survive the test of its positions — including the ” baby bonus “.

The year of the terror


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Terror at the mosque of Quebec “, headlined the Duty of The January 30, 2017, in the aftermath of a slaughter that has been six victims at the islamic cultural Centre in the capital. The terrorist attack carried out by Alexandre Bissonnette was the event “the most publicized of the recent history of Quebec,” noted the firm Influence Communication in its balance sheet as of the end of the year. But it has also and especially been the event most consequential — beyond human lives mown : in a certain way, the shooting has been the starting point of the expression of a discourse of anti-immigration uninhibited and an awareness of the rise of the extreme right in Quebec. In the months that followed, we saw the group identity, The Pack will activate behind the scenes to help the opponents of the project of establishment of a muslim cemetery in Saint-Apollinaire ; there were gestures of hate committed in Québec city and Saguenay ; we have cancelled the consultation on the systemic discrimination and racism because it aroused too much controversy. These are all signs of discomfort (understatement) as to substantive issues that are still unresolved on the eve of 2018.

Gurgling in Quebec


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Never before seen in Quebec : late February to early June, 15 regions and 291 municipalities have been hit by major floods. Figures ? 5300 main homes flooded, 4000 people evacuated, state of emergency in 22 municipalities and one city, 180 landslides, human chains to stack thousands of sandbags, and what have you. “The floods of the spring of 2017 are part of these events that strike the imagination, and mark communities “, said soberly the ministry of public Security in a report in December. The origin of the disaster, it was mentioned officially melting snow and heavy rains. But behind these natural causes rather usual, another problem has emerged : that of the constructions in flood-prone areas — in which Quebec has tried to respond by adopting a policy of reconstruction more severe (while granting several exemptions).

 
Harvey, Irma, Maria and Donald


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The United States have experienced a hurricane season fairly take your breath away (just ask the many tv journalists who have risked their lives to show that they were in the heart of things). The last week of August to mid-September, Harvey, Irma and Maria have succeeded to devastate-devastate-walnut Texas, Louisiana, a good part of the Caribbean, the Florida Keys, and Puerto Rico, among others. Estimated cost of the damage to this day ? A historic amount of over $ 200 billion. It is the heat unusually high waters of the Atlantic ocean, which has served to fuel these storms. In addition, a tornado never before seen, has also hit the United States in 2017 : we will appoint Donald, and it has the characteristic to write in CAPS to express ANGER, to blow hot and cold in the same day, of breaking any agreement policy known and to flood social networks alerts to the fake news from the fake media. This storm is unprecedented and could last until 2020.

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