LONDON | who Died on Wednesday, the british astrophysicist Stephen Hawking, whose images in a wheelchair and on an artificial respirator, have marked the spirits, was suffering from Charcot.
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12 things to know about Charcot
►Also called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease, paralyzing for which had been organized a fundraiser that is very popular on social networks, the Ice Bucket Challenge or challenge of the bucket of ice water.
►It is a rare disease with, for example, about 2 500 new cases per year in France.
►It is part of the group of diseases of motor neurons, which degenerate progressively and lose patients in the control of their muscles.
►It begins with a loss of ability to move arms and legs. And then when the muscles in the diaphragm and chest wall are affected, patients lose their ability to breathe and are put on life support. This was the case for years, Stephen Hawking, however, has continued his work while being in a wheelchair and on an artificial respirator.
►In fact, he had defied predictions that it was only a few years to live after developing the disease in the early 1960s.
►The doctors continue to consider its longevity as a mystery, the disease remaining incurable.
►According to medical statistics, death usually occurs 24 to 36 months after diagnosis. Most often, it is the inability to breathe that carries the patient.
►The patients developing this disease have most often over the age of 60. They have progressively more and more difficult to swallow and speak.
►Hawking continued to speak publicly, equipped with a system of communication aid to speak of the secrets of the universe, and black holes.
►Usually the lou gehrig’s disease is accompanied by cognitive impairment with frontotemporal lobar degeneration. Attention and speaking ability are diminished. Obsessions, disinhibition and apathy are also observed.
►In 2014, a campaign to raise funds for the american association ALS had become viral on the internet and had helped to raise more than $ 115 million for research to fight lou gehrig’s disease.
►The Ice Bucket Challenge, the name of this campaign, was to pour on the head a bucket of ice water or pay $ 100. Personalities like the founder of Facebook, Marck Zuckerberg, one of Microsoft, Bill Gates, the singer Johnny Hallyday, or the judoka Teddy Riner had risen to the challenge.