Most wind farms are concentrated in Germany, UK, France, Spain, the Netherlands and Belgium. But the countries of Eastern Europe, except for Estonia, will remain far behind, according to Clean Technica.
Wind power will provide 30% of Europe by 2030, according to the European wind energy Association published in two of their reports: “the Forecast up to 2020” and “Scenarios up to 2030”.
In the “Forecast” says that if the standard amount of annual commissioning of wind farms will account for 12.6 GW (only 2017 has set a record with their 14 GW) by 2020, total capacity of 204 GW. This converts wind energy into the most popular source of renewable energy in Europe, providing 16.5% of its needs in electricity.
“Scenarios up to 2030” consider three possible versions of events. In the main scenario the European Union achieves its goal: 27% of all energy sources by 2030 will be renewable. In this case, the capacity of wind power reaches 323 GW. Of these, 253 GWh will account for the share of land plants, and 70 GW, the share of coastal. The sector as a whole will grow by more than twice compared to 2016 and offshore wind power in five times. This is equivalent to 30% of all EU needs in electricity. In the draft 2030 will invest €239 billion, which will provide jobs for 569 000 people.
However, this scenario is feasible only provided that the relevant laws will be adopted and significant changes in the energy system. There should be no major crises in the economy, and revenues of European States have for a long time to remain at a stable level. In addition, the power grid gradually integrate electricity from renewable sources.
The optimistic scenario assumes that by 2030, 35% of all energy sources in Europe will be “clean”. This is only possible if the economic and political situation in the region will be favorable. Then the installed capacity of wind energy will increase to 397 GWh. Denmark, Estonia, Ireland and the Netherlands will receive 50% of electricity from wind power plants. While Germany, France and UK will generate 85 GW, with 43 GW, 38 GW of wind energy respectively.
The pessimistic scenario assumes that the total capacity of European wind power will reach by 2030 only 256,4 GW. But it will be 21.6% of all electricity in the EU and will reduce the amount of harmful emissions into the atmosphere at 279 megatons.
Meanwhile, Japan is also looking for ways to maximize the use of renewable energy sources. Researchers at the Institute of science and technology of Okinawa started a project called “seahorse”. Turbine developed by Japanese engineers, it is planned to put in place of the breakwaters that will allow both to protect the coast from erosion and to generate electricity. Using only 1% of the coastal zone of Japan, it will be possible to produce 10 gigawatts of electricity, equivalent to 10 nuclear power plants.